Minerals are naturally occurring, inorganic substances that are essential for the proper functioning of the human body. They are found in soil, water, and rocks, and are absorbed by plants and animals, including humans, as they grow and develop.

Minerals are involved in a wide range of bodily functions, including building strong bones and teeth, maintaining proper fluid balance, regulating metabolism, and supporting the immune system. They are often found in a variety of foods, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, meats, and dairy products.

There are two types of minerals:


Macrominerals are also known as major minerals, are minerals that are required by the body in relatively large amounts, typically at least 100 milligrams per day.  Macrominerals play important roles in maintaining the body’s fluid balance, transmitting nerve impulses, building strong bones and teeth, and regulating many other physiological processes.

Macrominerals include:

  • Calcium
  • Phosphorus
  • Magnesium
  • Sodium
  • Potassium
  • Chloride
  • Sulfur

Macrominerals are typically not at risk for deficiency in a balanced diet. However, certain health conditions or medications may affect the body’s ability to absorb or utilize macrominerals, leading to deficiencies or imbalances.

For more information on a specific Marcomineral, click on the corresponding link located on the right-hand side of the screen…

Trace Minerals

Trace minerals are also known as trace elements, are minerals that the body requires in very small amounts, typically less than 20 milligrams per day. Despite their small quantities, trace minerals are important for many physiological processes, including enzyme function, hormone production, immune function, and bone health.

Trace minerals include:

  • Iron
  • Zinc
  • Copper
  • Selenium
  • Iodine
  • Fluoride
  • Chromium
  • Manganese
  • Molybdenum
  • Cobalt

Trace minerals are found in a variety of foods, but the amounts can vary widely depending on factors such as soil quality, food processing, and cooking methods. In some cases, supplementation may be necessary to ensure adequate intake of trace minerals, particularly for individuals with certain health conditions or dietary restrictions. However, it is important to note that excessive intake of some trace minerals can be toxic and cause health problems, so it is important to follow recommended guidelines for supplementation and dietary intake.

For more information on a specific trace mineral, click on the corresponding link located on the right-hand side of the screen…